Syringa Flower: What You Don’t Know About Common Lilac

Lilac, Syringa vulgaris, is a flowering plant in the olive family. It is more commonly known as lilac and is native to Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Syringa flowers are fragrant and come in a variety of colors. They’re some of the most popular flowers in the world.
Eva Blum
syringa flower

Syringa Flower Appearance

They are quite small trees, often multi-stemmed, and reaching 2 to 10 m (6 to 33 ft) in height. They have heart-shaped to broadly lanceolate leaves, which are arranged in opposite pairs (sometimes whorls of three).

Syringa Flowers

The flowers are typically a lavender color, though they can also be white or pink. They have a strong, sweet fragrance and blooming typically occurs in late spring. The flowers are clustered together in bunches, and each individual flower is quite small. However, when in full bloom, syringa flowers can create a spectacular display. The leaves of Syringa are also quite fragrant, and they are often used in potpourri or sachets.

Syringa Flower Distribution and Habitat

The Syringa genus contains 12 species of plants that are native to woodland and scrub areas in Europe and Asia. These plants are commonly grown in temperate climates around the world. The most common species grown in gardens is the Syringa vulgaris, which has large clusters of fragrant flowers.

Syringa Flower Growing Conditions

Syringa flowers are best suited for growing in mid-cool temperatures and full sun to light shade. The soil should be high in organic matter and well-drained, with a pH of 6.5 to 7.0. If you live in an area with hot summers, it’s best to plant syringa flowers in a location that gets some afternoon shade. Be sure to water regularly, as syringa flowers are susceptible to drought stress.

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Syringa Flower Varieties

There are many species of syringa flowers, and they come in a wide variety of colors. Here are all the Syringa species:

  • Syringa emodi (Himalayan lilac);
  • Syringa pubescens;
  • Syringa josikaea (Hungarian lilac);
  • Syringa oblata (early-blooming lilac);
  • Syringa dilatata (Korean early lilac);
  • Syringa komarowii (nodding lilac);
  • Syringa pinnatifolia;
  • Syringa villosa (villous lilac);
  • Syringa pinetorum;
  • Syringa reticulata (Japanese tree lilac);
  • Syringa tomentella;
  • Syringa vulgaris (common lilac).

The Benefits of Syringa Flowers (Lilac)

Syringa flowers have a host of benefits and can be used to treat a variety of ailments. The flowers can be used to treat sore mouths, help get rid of parasitic worms, and even bring down fevers. Additionally, syringa flowers can be applied topically to help soothe rashes. If you’re looking for a natural way to treat any of these conditions, syringa flowers may be the answer.

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