Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Care Guide: How to Keep Your Fiddle-Leaf Fig Tree Houseplant (Ficus Lyrata) Happy

Looking for a fig plant care guide? You’ve come to the right place! In this article, we’ll discuss how to keep your fiddle-leaf fig tree healthy and happy. Although it won’t produce figs, it will decorate your home with lush foliage for years to come.
Eva Blum
fig plant care

What Is a Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree? Species Origin & Characteristics

Before we jump into fig plant care, let’s get to know it a bit. The fiddle-leaf fig tree (Ficus lyrata) is native to the rainforests of western Africa and belongs to the mulberry family. It gets its name from its large, fiddle-shaped leaves that can grow up to 18 inches long and 12 inches wide (although they won’t get that big indoors).

The tree can reach a height of 50 feet, but when grown indoors, it typically only reaches a height of 6-8 feet. It has a single trunk with smooth, gray bark and branches that grow upwards. The fiddle-leaf fig is an evergreen plant, meaning it will keep its leaves year-round.

Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Care – Soil Type and Fertilizer

The fiddle-leaf fig tree is not fussy when it comes to soil type, as long as the pot has drainage holes. A good potting mix for indoor plants will do the trick. You can also mix your own by combining one part peat moss, one part perlite, and one part vermiculite.

When it comes to fertilizer, the fiddle-leaf fig tree is a bit more particular. It’s best to use a fertilizer for tropical plants that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Apply the fertilizer monthly from spring to fall. Be sure to dilute it according to the package instructions, as too much fertilizer can burn the roots.

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Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Care – Watering

Now that we know what type of soil and fertilizer to use, let’s talk about watering – a key part of fig plant care. The fiddle-leaf fig tree prefers the soil to remain moderately moist. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings to avoid root rot. If the leaves are wilting and losing color, it means the tree isn’t getting enough water.

How Much Light Fig Plants Need

In their natural habitat, fiddle-leaf fig trees grow under the canopy of other trees, which means they’re used to filtered light. When growing a fiddle-leaf fig tree indoors, you should place it in an east- or west-facing window. If you don’t have a suitable spot, you can also use artificial lighting.

Ideal Temperatures and Humidity for Fig Plants

Fiddle-leaf fig trees thrive in warm, humid conditions – similar to the conditions found in a bathroom. The ideal temperature range for fiddle-leaf fig trees is 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit. Protect the plant from rapid temperature changes, drafty windows, and air conditioners.

These plants like humidity levels of 30-65%. If the air in your home is dry, you can mist the leaves daily with clean water using a spray bottle. Alternatively, you can set the plant on a pebble tray filled with water. Better yet, have a humidifier running every day.

Pruning Fiddle-Leaf Fig Plants

Pruning is an important part of fiddle-leaf fig plant care. It helps to promote new growth and keeps the plant looking its best. You can prune your fiddle-leaf fig tree any time of year, but spring is the ideal time. Use sharp, sterile pruning shears to remove dead or damaged leaves and branches. You can also cut back any leggy growth to encourage the plant to branch out.

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How to Propagate Fiddle-Leaf Fig Plants

Fiddle-leaf fig trees are easy to propagate from stem cuttings. Start by taking a cutting that is at least 6 inches long and ends with a leaf. You can root the cutting in a jar of water or directly in potting mix. Be sure to keep the soil moist and place the cutting in a spot with bright, indirect light.

Repotting Fiddle-Leaf Fig Plants

Repotting is also an important part of fig plant care. The tree grows fast when it’s young, so you’ll need to repot it every spring. Use a pot that is only 2 inches larger than the previous one and has drainage holes.

Once your tree matures, you won’t be able to repot it anymore. Instead, remove the top few inches of soil every spring and replace them with fresh potting mix.

Common Problems with Fig Plants

Fiddle-leaf fig trees are known to be fussy, and they can experience some problems from time to time. If the leaves are turning yellow or develop brown spots, it could be a sign of overwatering or excessive fertilizing. If the leaves are brown and crispy, on the other hand, it means the plant isn’t getting enough water.

Leaves that drop off the plant can be caused by a number of different things, including:

  • too much or too little water;
  • drafts;
  • sudden temperature changes;
  • pests.

If you suspect your fiddle-leaf fig tree has pests, check the undersides of the leaves for small insects. If you find any, you can wash them off with clean water or use insecticide.

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Following our fig plant care tips closely, you should be able to keep your fiddle-leaf fig tree happy and healthy for many growing seasons to come!

Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Toxicity

Before we go, we should mention that fiddle-leaf fig is toxic to pets. If ingested, the leaves and stems can cause vomiting, excessive drooling and mouth irritation. So, if you have a cat or dog, it’s best to keep them away from your fiddle-leaf fig tree.

The sap can also irritate or blister the skin in people, so it’s important to wear gloves when handling the plant. If you get the sap on your skin, wash it off immediately with soap and water.

Now you know all about fig care. With a little patience and TLC, you can grow a beautiful fiddle-leaf fig tree of your very own. Happy gardening!

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