White Stock Flower (Matthiola Incana): More Than a Wedding Flower!

The White Stock Flower (Matthiola incana) has been a go-to flower for gardeners and florists alike for many years. While it is most commonly associated with weddings, the White Stock Flower is actually a versatile bloom that can be used in a variety of ways!
Mia Clark
white stock flower

The Characteristics of White Stock Flower

The white stock flower (Matthiola incana) is a species of plant in the brassica family. The flowers are native to Europe, particularly the Mediterranean area, and have been introduced to North America. The white stock flower is also known by several other names, including Brompton stock, ten-week stock, and gillyflower. As well as that, it takes the form of a pink stock, and a purple stock.

Beauty of the White Flowers

White stock flower has delicate, white petals that are arranged in a cup-shaped bloom. Flower spikes contain single or double flowers. The plant grows to a height of about 10 inches, and it prefers full sun and well-drained soil. The flowers have a sweet fragrance that attracts bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. The white stock flower is a popular choice for gardens because of its attractiveness to pollinators and its relatively low maintenance needs. White stock flower is perennial; however, some parts may die during harsh winters.


Although it is beautiful, white stock flower can be toxic to humans and some animals if ingested. It can cause gastrointestinal distress, vomiting, and diarrhea. Matthiola incana is safe for pets, both as a cut flower and in the garden.

When Do They Bloom?

When it comes to white stock flowers, you can expect them to bloom anywhere from late spring to early summer. The reason for this variation is due to the fact that they grow in a wide range of climates. In cooler climates, they may not start blooming until May or even June, while in warmer areas they could already be in full bloom by April. However, once they do start blooming, they usually continue for several weeks.

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Flower Care

Here are a few tips to help you keep your white stock flower healthy and happy in your garden:

  • Make sure to plant it in a sunny area. It prefers full sun to partial shade. Stock plants need at least six hours of sunlight per day in order to thrive.
  • Water them regularly, making sure the soil stays moist but not soggy. White stock flower needs a well-drained soil.
  • Fertilize it once a month with a balanced fertilizer. This will help it grow big and strong.
  • Pinch back the stems regularly to encourage bushiness. This will also prevent them from getting too leggy.

And if you want to keep them in a vase, here’s what you need to do:

  • When choosing flowers, look for those with healthy green leaves and firm stems. Avoid any that are wilting or have brown spots.
  • Cut the stems at an angle and remove any leaves that will be below the water line. Place the flowers in a clean vase filled with fresh, cool water.
  • Change the water every few days and re-cut the stems as needed.

White Stock Flower in Flower Arrangements

White stock flowers are a popular choice for floral arrangements because of their delicate beauty. These small, white, fragrant flowers make a lovely addition to any bouquet. Stock flowers are also fairly easy to care for, and they will last for several days in a vase with fresh water. When choosing white stock flowers for your arrangement, it is important to select blooms that are not fully open. This will help the flowers to last longer in the vase. You should also remove any leaves that fall below the water line, as these can cause the flowers to rot.

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Gillyflower is a very popular choice for ceremonies. The vast array of colors is widely appreciated by florists who compose wedding decorations, and centerpieces. Since the white stock flower is ornamental on its own, it also makes an easy DIY wedding bouquet.

Symbolism of Matthiola Incana

Wealth, purity, and chastity are just a few of the meanings associated with white flowers. In particular, white stock flowers are often used to symbolize these concepts. White stock flowers are often used in wedding arrangements, as they are seen as a symbol of newlyweds’ purity and eternal love. For similar reasons, they are also a frequent choice for the First Communion. In addition, white stock flowers symbolize sympathy or condolences. Given their wide range of symbolism, it’s no wonder that white stock flowers are such a popular choice for both special occasions and everyday moments.

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